For flag States, ratification of CTA would create minimum safety standards for a large part of the world`s fishing fleet and could save the lives of thousands of fishermen operating on the high seas. The requirement of standards for flagged vessels and the conduct of regular inspections in accordance with CTA will make fishing activities and the safety and working conditions of vessels more transparent. Ship operators will be forced to invest in the safety and well-being of their crews, making them more difficult to operate. Regular inspections will also make it more difficult for operators to fish illegally. States implementing CTA are also showing the international community that they control their vessels flying your flag and that they take their responsibilities seriously. Chapters II to X of CTA contain detailed design, design and equipment requirements for fishing vessels. They are listed in three categories, depending on the size of a ship: 24-45 meters, 45-60 meters and more than 60 meters. The requirements are to ensure that ships remain watertight, weatherproof, strong and stable, even in adverse conditions such as ice and extreme weather. A guide is provided to ensure that the premises are not dangerous to the crew, that life-saving devices are available and sufficient, and that appropriate emergency measures are in place. It provides that ships should conduct regular exercises, involving all crew members and observers.
In addition, ships shall be equipped with radio equipment capable of sending and receiving search and rescue information, distress signals and all other relevant means of communication. Ships must also be able to navigate and signal safely. In seeking to maximize profits, operators who fish illegally or report catches often diminish the management of their vessels, which continues to endanger workers in one of the world`s most dangerous occupations. Illegal fishermen often lack sufficient safety equipment on board or are unaware of the rules on vessel modification. They can also be exploited for a long time without safety inspections, are more likely to fish in dangerous weather and are less likely to maintain decent working conditions. The ATC applies to commercial fishing vessels with a length of 24 metres or more or equivalent in gross tons.2 Many of the technical requirements listed below apply only to new vessels, but some apply to all vessels – old and new. The Cape Town Agreement covers safety on board fishing vessels, including shipbuilding and safety equipment. It will only enter into force 12 months after the agreement of at least 22 states that fish together on a total of 3,600 fishing vessels over 24 meters long on the high seas. .