Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. [30] The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and may be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK. [17] [18] In the 2019 revisions, elements of the political statement were also adapted, replacing the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms. [27] In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration,[24] and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed. [26] The United Kingdom has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally indicating to the European Council its intention to leave the EU. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021. [20] The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month.

Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. The most important elements of the draft agreement are:[21] On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament on the fact that a political agreement had been reached. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas:[16] On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40] and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020. [42] That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratifying the agreement, concluding the agreement[43] and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU at 11 .m.